Forklifts are used to transfer, lift and engage palletized loads in construction, material handling, manufacturing and warehousing applications. With manual-drive forklifts, the travel or load movement is either walk-behind or powered manually. Motorized drive forklifts have a motorized drive. In various kinds of forklifts, the forklift has a protected seat or cab for the operator. Fork trucks include features like cabs, and backup alarms and are also motorized. Various kinds of forklifts are counterbalanced so as to prevent the vehicle from tipping over. Other models come outfitted with safety rails, or a rotating element like for example a turntable or a hand rail.
The lift capacity and stroke are other factors that you should take into account when choosing a type of forklift. Lift capacity is defined as the supportable, maximum load or force. Stroke is defined as the difference between fully lowered and fully raised lift positions.
The type of fuel and the type of tire are also other vital specifications which must be considered. The available fuel choices are: LP or liquid propane, natural gas, electricity, compressed natural gas or CNG, propane, diesel or gasoline.
For fork trucks and forklifts, there are two basic kinds of tires that could be utilized. They are: solid and pneumatic. The cushion or solid tires need less maintenance than pneumatic tires and do not easily puncture. Pneumatic or air-inflated tires provide load cushioning and great drive traction. At the end of the day, cushion or solid tires provide less shock absorption.
Generally utilized on rough terrain are Class VII forklifts. These equipment are often utilized in construction, agriculture and in logging environments. Last of all, Class VIII forklifts include all burden and personnel carriers. Dual Fuel lift trucks typically fit in this class.